ANTIBACTERIAL EYE DROPS
(moxifloxacin hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.5%)
Vigamox is a topical ophthalmic antibiotic eye drop that is used for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis (a bacterial infection on the surface of the eye). It is manufactured by Alcon (Ft. Worth, TX) and is one of many antibacterial eye drops available in the U.S. Vigamox is available by doctor’s prescription only and is supplied in a 3 ML bottle.
Vigamox is similar to other fluoroquinolone eye drops such as Zymar (gatifloxacin), Ciloxan (ciprofloxacin) and Ocuflox (ofloxacin).
Possible Side Effects of Vigamox
Side effects after the use of Vigamox occur in 1-6% of the population. Systemic side effects can be decreased if the patient gently applies pressure to the tear drainage ducts on the lower eyelids for1 minute after instilling Vigamox eye drops. Possible side effects include the following:
Possible Mild effects of Vigamox:
- Stinging/burning upon instillation of drops
- Ocular irritation or redness
- Increased tearing
- Decrease in vision
- Dry eyes
Possible Serious effects of Vigamox:
- Increased coughing or difficulty breathing
- Rash on skin
- Swollen face and/or throat
Contraindications for Use of Vigamox
Vigmaox should not be used in any patients that have a known hypersensitivity or drug allergy to fluoroquinolones (a class of antibiotics). Caution should be used in female patients who are pregnant or who are nursing. Vigamox should not be used for viral or fungal infections of the eye.
Vigamox is in the FDA pregnancy category C (i.e. it is not known whether it will be harmful to an unborn baby). It is not known whether Vigamox passes into breast milk.
How to Use Vigamox
Standard dosing of Vigamox is 1 drop in the affected eye 3 times per day for 7 days. The dosing schedule may be altered depending on the severity of the bacterial infection. Vigamox is safe for use in patients over 1 year of age.
- Contact lenses should not be worn while using Vigamox. Glasses should be used to correct vision until resolution of the condition.
- If any serious side effects or signs of fluoroquinolone hypersensitivity are experienced (rash, itching, swelling of the face/throat, or difficulty breathing), the patient should stop using Vigamox immediately and contact his/her eye doctor.
- Avoid contamination of medication by avoiding contact of the tip of the eye dropper with anything and by washing hands prior to use.
- Use Vigamox for the entire time prescribed. Do not decrease or discontinue use of medication if symptoms subside.
- Vigamox is a solution so it is not necessary to shake the bottle before instilling drops.